- Pridružio: 17 Jul 2005
- Poruke: 3097
- Gde živiš: "Daleko od Negdje"
At the beginning of recorded history, the Chicago area was inhabited by a number of Algonquian peoples, including the Mascoutens and Miamis. Trade links and seasonal hunting migrations linked these peoples with their neighbours, the Potawatomis to the east, Fox to the north, and the Illinois to the southwest. The name "Chicago" is the French version of the Miami-Illinois word word shikaakwa ("wild leek"/"skunk"), named for the plants common along the Chicago River, and thus has nothing to do with Chief Chicagou of the Michigamea people.
Chicago's location at a short, swampy portage between the Chicago River (flowing originally into the Great Lakes) and the Des Plaines River (flowing into the Mississippi), attracted the attention of many French explorers travelling in the area, such as Louis Jolliet and Henri Joutel, who felt that the area had a great potential as a transportation hub. In 1683, French Jesuits built the Mission of the Guardian Angel to Christianize the local Wea and Miami people, and for a time there was a French fort (Fort Chécagou), commanded by Pierre de Liette. French and allied use of the Chicago portage was mostly abandoned during the 1720s thanks to continual raiding during the Fox Wars.
During the mid 1700s, the Chicago area was inhabited primarily by Potawatomis, who took the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox who had previously controlled the area.
The first non-native settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, an Haitian of African descent, who settled on the Chicago River in the 1770s and married a local Potawatomi woman. In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, the area of Chicago was ceded by the Native Americans in the Treaty of Greenville to the United States for a military post. In 1803, Fort Dearborn was built and remained in use until 1837, except between 1812 and 1816 when it was destroyed in the Fort Dearborn massacre during the War of 1812. The Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi ceded the land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis.
More ---> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Chicago
Chicago refers to a city and a metropolitan area. The city (officially, City of Chicago) is the largest city in the state of Illinois, the largest in the Midwest, and with a population of nearly three million people, it is the third-most populous city in the United States. The Chicago Metropolitan area, also known as Chicagoland to locals, has a population of over 9.4 million in Illinois, Wisconsin, and Indiana, making it also the third largest metropolitan area in the United States. Chicago is located along the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan and is a major center of transportation, industry, politics, culture, finance, medicine and higher education. Chicago's monikers include the "Windy City," "Chi-Town," and the "City of the Big Shoulders" (from Carl Sandburg's poem Chicago).
Chicago is the financial, business, and cultural capital of the Midwest, and is ranked as an alpha world city by the Loughborough University Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network. The city was founded in 1833 as a town to link the Great Lakes with the Mississippi River System. It soon became a transportation hub of the Northwest Territory, with major connections by steamboats, canals and (by 1855) railroads. By 1890, it was one of the ten most influential world cities.
More ---> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago
Ima Chicago i svoje plaze.
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Art Institute of Chicago
Lincoln ZOO + Brookfield ZOO
Grant park = Lollapalooza
Etc. etc. ...