Nouns (Imenice)

Nouns (Imenice)

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Plural Nouns
(Mnozina Imenica)




Usage[Koriscenje] :
When you refer to more than one noun, you use the plural form of that noun.




RULE 1[Pravilo 1] :

* The plural of a noun is usually formed by adding an "S" at the end of the word.

Example [Primer] :
- The plural of cat = cats;
- The plural of flower = flowers,
- The plural of computer = computers.





RULE 2 [Pravilo 2] :

* If the word ends in S, X, Z, CH, or SH, the plural is usually formed by adding "ES".
This is because when you add an "S" to the end of these words, you have to add an extra syllable to the the word in order to prounounce it.

Example[Primer] :
The plural of boss is bosses;
The plural of box is boxes;
The plural of buzz is buzzes;
The plural of lunch is lunches;
The plural of brush is brushes;



NOTE:
Not all plurals end in "S" or "ES".
Irregular nouns are those that do not use the regular plural ending.
The following are some irregular plurals:


* If the word end in "CH" "SH" "SS" or "X" add "ES"...
If not, then just add "S".
Wink




Dakle, da ponovimo:
You already know how to make most nouns into plurals just by adding an "S" at the end of the word. There are plenty of words that do not follow the rule, however.
Here is an easy case to remember:
If a word ended in -S, -Z, -X, -SH, or -CH, add -ES to the end.


Examples [Primeri] :
Dress - Dresses;
Fizz - Fizzes;
Fox - Foxes;
Wish - Wishes;
Watch - Watches.


RULE 3 [ Pravilo 3] :

* When a noun ends in -O, you also have to add -ES.


Examples[Primeri] :
Hero - Heroes;
Tomato - Tomatoes;

* Exceptions to the rule:
Studio, Piano, Kangaroo, Zoo, Buffalo, Cargo, Motto...
Just add -S to these words. Wink





RULE 4 [Pravilo 4] :

* If a noun ends in a consonant plus the letter "Y", change the "Y" to "I" and add -ES.

Examples [Primeri] :
City - Cities;
Country - Countries




RULE 5 [Pravilo 5] :

* When a noun ends in -F or -FE, you change the "F" to "V" and add -ES.


Examples [Primeri] :
Knife - Knives;
Half - Halves;
Scarf - Scarves.


RULE 6 [Pravilo 6] :

* Here is one that always gave me trouble. Tricky one. I hope this makes it easier for you!
[Ovo zadaje muke samo tako Bebee Dol ]


* Sometimes a singular noun ends in -UM or -ON.
To make it a plural, change the -UM to -A.

Examples [Primeri] :
Curriculum - Curricula;
Phenomenon - Phenomena.




RULE 7 [Pravilo 7] :

* How about nouns that end in -EX or -IX?
To make them plural, change that ending to -ICES.


Examples [Primeri] :
Vertex - Vertices;
Index - Indices.




RULE 8 [Pravilo 8] :

* Nouns that end in -US become plurals by changing the ending to -I.


Example [Primeri] :
Stimulus - Stimuli






NOTE:
* Some nouns are always plural, but do not end in "S".


Examples [Primeri] :
Cattle
Police
People etc.


Zagrljaj
Ziveli



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Napisano: 05 Avg 2011 0:52

Nisam sigurna, proveri u rečniku, ali mislim da reč index može da ima množinu indexes.

Reči koje su latinskog ili grčkog porekla mogu da grade množinu po pravilima koja važe u jeziku odakle potiču i po pravilima engleskog jezika. Ko nije imao latinski to može da bude problem.

Na primer: datum, data.

-um je nastavak za nominativ jednine srednjeg roda, a -a je nastavak za nominativ množine srednjeg roda i otuda to data.

Dopuna: 05 Avg 2011 0:53

Plus, imenica people može da ima množinu ali ako je drugog značenja.

a people je narod, peoples narodi.



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http://www.thefreedictionary.com/index

n. pl. in·dex·es or in·di·ces (-d-sz)

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DOPUNA 3. PRAVILA

Postoje i dubleti :

fresco-frescos/frescoes-freska
flamingo-flamingos/flamingoes-flamingo
grotto-grotts/grottoes-pećina

DOPUNA 5. PRAVILA

13 imenica koje se završavaju na -f ili -fe menjaju -f u -v i dobijaju -es u množini.

knife-knives-nož
life-lives-život
wife-wives-supruga
leaf-leaves-list
half-halves-polovina
shelf-shelves-polica
loaf-loaves-vekna
thief-thieves-lopov
self-selves- vlastito biće, ja
wolf-wolves-vuk
calf-calves-tele
sheaf-sheaves-snop
elf-elves-vilenjak

OBRATI PAŽNJU: Sve ostale imenice koje se završavaju na -f dobijaju samo -s u množini:

roof-roofs-krov
proof-proofs-dokaz
chief-chiefs-šef
cliff-cliffs-stena,litica
dwarf-dwarfs-patuljak

Dvostruki oblici:
scarf-scarfs/scarves-marama,šal
hoof-hoofs/hooves-kopito
wharf-wharfs/wharves-kej


NEPRAVILNA MNOŽINA

Sledeće imenice imaju nepravilnu množinu:

man-men- čovek
woman-women-žena
child children-dete
foot-feet-stopalo
tooth-teeth-zub
goose-geese-guska
mouse-mice-miš
louse-lice-vaš
ox-oxen-vo

IMENICE KOJE IMAJU SAMO OBLIK MNOŽINE su:
arms-oružje
goods-roba
thanks-zahvalnost
headquarters-štab
premises-prostorije
riches-bogatstvo
teens-godine od 13-19
soap-suds-sapunica

IMENICE KOJE IMAJU ISTI OBLIK U JEDNINI I MNOŽINI:

deer-jelen
sheep-ovca
means-sredstvo,način
series-serija,niz
species-vrsta
gas-works-plinara
cross-roads-raskrsnica


Izvor: Gramatika engleskog jezika sa vežbanjima
autori: Ljubica Popović, Vera Mirić

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Ono sto me ovde interesuje jesu te reci latinskog porekla.
Citao sam na forumima da mnogi kazu Virus a mnozina Virii... Onda sam nasao neki link na wikipediji gde kaze da se pravilno kaze Viruses. I navodno da je latinska deklinacija nepravilna...


Sta kazu knjige?

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Napisano: 07 Avg 2011 23:04

Moj Collins Cobuild rečnik kaže da je množina od virus viruses. Oxfordov mi je kod kuće. A kod kuće imam i latinsko-srpski rečnik pa ću proveriti da li je ima.

Dopuna: 07 Avg 2011 23:12

Zaboravih da kažem da je u latinskom prisutno 5 deklinacija. I svaka se razlikuje po nastavcima. Na primer: imenice četvrte deklinacije su imenice muškog, ženskog i srednjeg roda. Imenice muškog i ženskog imaju nastavak -us, a srednjeg na -u (govorim o jednini). To je sad malo nezgodno.

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Napisano: 07 Avg 2011 23:14

Takodje i kod mene je viruses. Wink

Dopuna: 07 Avg 2011 23:16

Hvala saten na doprinosu temi, uskoro cu sve ubaciti u moj prvi post, i jos sam ionako hteo da dodam nesto. Wink



Zagrljaj

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Nema na čemu. Wink Zagrljaj

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