What is an anglicism (sta su anglicizmi)?

What is an anglicism (sta su anglicizmi)?

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  • mcrule  Male
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Sori, po difoltu ne nosim kežual za svaki hepening...


What is an anglicism?/ Sta su Anglicizmi?


According to Prćić:

Citat:“Anglicism is a word taken from English, as a language provider, which is incorporated into the language system of the recipient”.


Why do anglicisms occure?/ Zasto se Anglicizmi pojavljuju?



- Technological advances
- Expansion of sociolects among youths
- Ignorance within the society
- Unconcern with using Serbian equivalents
- Negligence towards the Serbian language
- Poor translation of English words
- Learning Serbian and English simultaneously
- The media




DIVISION OF ANGLICISMS





OBVIOUS ANGLICISMS


- Lexical units which are already integrated into Serbian.


EXAMPLES:

NOUNS: Milkšejk, roming, hamburger...

VERBS: Daunloudovati, surfovati, džogirati...

ADJECTIVES: Kul, lajv, pripejd...

ADVERBS: Okej, super, top...



HIDDEN ANGLICISMS


- Words, terms or sentences which have preserved, in whole or in part, their original English form.

EXAMPLES:

DEFINITIVNO – sigurno, izvesno
(DEFINITELY)
RAZUMNA CENA – pristupačna cena
(REASONABLE PRICE)
MOGU LI DA VAM POMOGNEM – Izvolite
(CAN I HELP YOU)
NAJBOLJI PROIZVOD IKADA – najbolji proizvod do sada
(THE BEST PRODUCT EVER)




RAW ANGLICISMS


Words, phrases or sentences taken from English without adjustments.


EXAMPLES:


-E-mail, attachment, airbag

-All inclusive, public relations, by the way

-No comment




DIRECT, ADJUSTED, AND TRANSLATED ANGLICISMS


DIRECT: anglicisms adopted without adjustments
e.g. – computer, all-inclusive


ADJUSTED: anglicisms adopted but modified orthographically, phonologically, and morphologically
e.g. – keš, fajl, drajver


TRANSLATED: English words translated into Serbian with an equivalent or a new word is formed
e.g. – računar, rezač, štampač




GROUPING OF ANGLICISMS


- RELATED TO ADVANCEMENTS IN TECHNOLOGY

- RELATED TO THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY

- COLLOQUIALISMS

- GENERAL USAGE



RELATED TO ADVANCEMENTS IN TECHNOLOGY






RELATED TO THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY





COLLOQUIALISMS






GENERAL USAGE






ANALYSIS OF ANGLICISMS



RELATED TO ADVANCEMENTS IN TECHNOLOGY


ANALYSIS OF ANGLICISMS - TECHNOLOGY


CHAT

ORIGIN: 1400-50; late Middle English; short for chatter
OCCURS AS: noun, verb


ČET | CHAT

ČET - Dođi na čet.

ČETovati - Maja i ja smo sinoć četovali.

ČETovanje - Uživam u četovanju sa tobom.




DOWNLOAD

ORIGIN: 1997 (n.), 1980 (v.), from down (adv.) + load (v.)
OCCURS AS: noun, verb, adjective


DAUNLOUD | DOWNLOAD


DAUNLOUD - Taj daunloud ne traje dugo.

DAUNLOUDovati - Daunloudujem već tri sata.

DAUNLOUDovan - To je daunloudovan film.

DAUNLOUDovanje - Daunloudovanje filmova je protivzakonito.



ATTACHMENT


ORIGIN: 14th Century
OCCURS AS: noun



ATAČMENT | ATTACHMENT


ATAČment - Stavi sliku u atačment.

ATAČovati - Atačuj taj fajl i pošalji mejl.

ATAČovan - Slika je atačovana.

ATAČovanje - Slika je velika i atačovanje će potrajati.



RELATED TO THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY

ANALYSIS OF ANGLICISMS - ENTERTAINMENT


FAN


ORIGIN: 1885-90, short for fanatic
OCCURS AS: noun


FAN | FAN


FAN - On ima brojne fanove širom sveta.



SHOPPING


ORIGIN: 1250-1300; Middle English shoppe , Old English sceoppa
OCCURS AS: noun, verb, adjective


ŠOPING | SHOPPING


ŠOP - Ja sam vasnik tog ski šopa.

ŠOPing - Mi volimo da šopingujemo.

ŠOPingovati - Mogli bi smo malo šopingovati.



STYLE


ORIGIN: 1250-1300; Middle English and Latin stylus
OCCURS AS: noun


STAJLING | STYLE


STAJLing - Sviđa mi se tvoj stajling.





COLLOQUIALISMS

ANALYSIS OF ANGLICISMS - COLLOQUIALISMS



HATE


ORIGIN: Middle English, from Old English hete
OCCURS AS: noun, verb, adjective


HEJT | HATE


HEJT - Zašto mi bacaš hejt?

HEJTer - Nemoj da budeš hejter.

HEJTovati - Zašto me hejtuješ?

HEJTovanje - Hejtovanje me generalno nervira.


COOL



ORIGIN: Middle English col, from Old English cōl
OCCURS AS: adjective


KUL | COOL



KUL - Ovaj film je kul.

KULirati - Kuliramo ovde već dva sata.

isKULirati - Na ovakve stvari treba iskulirati.

KULiranje - Ovo je vrhunsko kuliranje.

isKULiran - Sombor je miran, spor i iskuliran grad.

KULer - Ovaj glumac je pravi kuler.


TRIP



ORIGIN: Middle English trippen
OCCURS AS: verb


TRIP | TRIP



TRIP - To je jednostavno neki moj trip.

biti u TRIPu - On je u nekom gadnom tripu već godinama.

TRIPovati se - Možda se ja nešto tripujem.

isTRIPovati se - Oni su istripovani od kako je ušao direktor.

uTRIPovati se - Da li sam se ja utripovao ili nešto stvarno pišti.




GENERAL USAGE

ANALYSIS OF ANGLICISMS - GENERAL USAGE



ESSAY


ORIGIN: 1475–85; Anglo-French assayer
OCCURS AS: noun


ESEJ | ESSAY


ESEJ - Za domaći zadatak imate da napišete esej.

ESEJski - Sutra imate kolokvijum esejskog tipa.



OVERBOOK



ORIGIN: 1900–05; over- + book (v.)
OCCURS AS: noun, verb


PREBUKIRATI | OVERBOOK


preBUKirati - Na poslu su me prebukirali sa obavezama.

preBUKiran - Izvini. Zaista sam prebukiran.

preBUKiranje - Prebukiranje na poslu tretira se kao mobing.



TRAINING



ORIGIN: 1350–1400;  (v.) late Middle English traynyn
OCCURS AS: noun, verb, adjective



TRENING | TRAINING



TRENING - Redovno idem na trening.

TRENiranje - Kupio sam novu spravu za treniranje.

TRENirati - Ja treniram karate.

isTRENiran - Prvi svedok je bio dobro istreniran.

uTRENiran - Pobeda zavisi od toga koliko si utreniran.









Note:
**Many anglicisms that have been integrated into the Serbian language have Serbian equivalents:











CONCLUSION




Razz

Ziveli Ziveli



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Trebalo je dosta truda za ovo, ne znam da li ce ti se svideti moj komentar kao anglisti, ali ja ne volim anglicizme!!!! Very Happy



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  • mcrule  Male
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philip1s ::Trebalo je dosta truda za ovo...

Jeste, trebalo je dosta truda i vremena, ali sve to radi doprinosenju foruma, i verujem da ce to dobro doci nekome jednog dana.(ako ne sad) Smile



philip1s ::...ne znam da li ce ti se svideti moj komentar kao anglisti, ali ja ne volim anglicizme!!! Very Happy


Razumem te, bas cujem da mnogi ne vole anglicizme, pa cak i jedan moj kolega ih ne voli. Wink
Opusteno.

Ziveli

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